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Alternative terms: theory test, multiple choice test, MC test, open questions,
true/false questions, semi-open questions, oral test

What is it?

  • A test involving your vocationally oriented, theoretically oriented or specialised knowledge.
  • The test is often conducted at the end of a particular module.
  • This test can have a number of formats:
  • Multiple-choice questions with two (true/false), three or four possible answers.
  • Open questions.
  • Semi-open questions, for which you must fill in the missing information.
  • Oral test.
  • Written tests may include a combination of the above formats.

This information relates to tests that deliver a mark that 'counts'. Knowledge tests can also be used to give you an idea of how much you already know about a particular subject. In this case, they do not formally count towards anything and you can often complete them whenever it suits you.

What is tested?

  • The educational objectives of the module that the test is part of.
  • The educational objectives relate to the level of professional and specialised knowledge.
  • The test assesses the degree to which you command the necessary knowledge.
  • The questions mainly focus on knowledge, understanding and application.
  • Higher levels of knowledge, such as analysis, evaluation and reasoning, are measured using other forms of testing, such as essays, case studies or overall tests.

How will I be tested?

Closed questions:

  • Written or digital tests in which you can choose from multiple answer options.
  • Conducted in a testing room.
  • The number of questions depends on the number of answer options.

The usual size of the tests is:

  • Two answer options: minimum of 80 questions.
  • Three answer options: minimum of 60 questions.
  • Four answer options: minimum of 40 questions.
  • Usual duration of test: 1-3 hours.

Open questions:

  • You have to formulate the answer yourself.
  • Can be a closed-book or open-book test.
  • Conducted in a testing room (open-book tests can sometimes be completed at home).
  • Written (most common) or oral.
  • Usual size of test: between 5-20 questions
  • Usual duration of test: 2-3 hours.

Combination of open questions and MC questions:

  • Conducted in a testing room.
  • Size of test varies significantly.
  • Usual duration of test: 2-3 hours.

How will I be assessed?

Closed questions:

  • Based on the percentage of correct answers given.
  • The examiner will award a mark based on the percentage of correct answers.
  • The pass mark is determined in advance (what percentage of correct answers is enough for a passing grade). Generally, for closed or MC questions, a result of 60-70% correct answers is set as the pass mark.
  • The examiner can adjust the pass mark based on analysis of the test results. This is always done in consultation with the Examination Board.

Open questions:

  • Based on the answer model, the examiner will assess the work you submitted. Does the answer contain enough of the information requested and is it at the required level?
  • If applicable, the examiner will also assess spelling, grammar and language use.
  • Points will be awarded based on the assessment results in accordance with the recorded standards.
  • The total number of points will be converted into an appropriate mark.

What feedback will I receive?

  • You will receive a mark based on the number of correct and incorrect answers.
  • The assessment gives you insight into your own study behaviour: what you evidently have and have not properly understood or studied.
  • The lecturer will conduct a test review (inspection) with you.
  • This gives you an opportunity to review the test you submitted and ask the lecturer questions.

How do I prepare for the test?

  • • Create a good study schedule (for tips visit and stick to it as closely as possible.
  • Examine what the educational objectives are and how they have featured in the meetings. Prepare for the test based on this information.
  • Visit to gain insight into your learning style and use this information to adjust your study methods
  • Firstly, examine which aspects you are weaker in, practise these by means of examples and if necessary, go over the theory on these aspects once more.
  • Read and study the compulsory literature.
  • Create useful notes and summaries.
  • Whenever possible, prepare for tests together with other students.
  • If any example questions are available, answer them.
  • Read the instructions given and carefully examine how the assessment criteria are described.
  • Estimate what kind of performance you must give in order to submit your best possible work for this test.
  • Learn the subject matter by heart and practise explaining it to other students or do this out loud on your own. This is an excellent way to investigate whether you truly understand it. As the test approaches, you should study your summaries, have faith in yourself and get a good night's sleep before the test.

How can I achieve the highest score possible?

  • Study the subject matter thoroughly: you only reap what you sow.
  • Read the questions carefully.
  • For open questions, write legibly and clearly.
  • Make cheat sheets to practice your command of the subject matter. Preparing properly means you will not need them anymore
  • Firstly, only fill in the answers that you know well: leave the difficult ones until last.
  • You can also visit for more information.


Have you tried the mind mapping technique for writing summaries? This method often gives you a good overview of how all the subject matter is interlinked, and it is also an effective way to increase your understanding and help you remember the material.

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